Jaipur, popularly known as the PinkCity, is the capital of RajasthanState. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amber, founded the city in 1727. Built of pink stucco to imitate sandstone, the city is remarkable among pre-modern Indian cities for its wide, regular streets.
Many India vacation packages include visits to Jaipur for sites including the Hawa Mahal, a palace built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Sing, Jantar Mantar, an observatory built from stone and marble, and the Amber Fort, a magnificent complex of palaces, halls, pavilions, gardens and temples.
Jaipur has the distinction of being one of the best-planned pre-modern cities. While most Indian towns from its era were a chaotic mess of twisted streets, Jaipur was built and planned strictly according to the principles of Hindu architectural theory.
By the end of the 19th century, the town grew into a prosperous city, with a population of 160,000. The city's wide boulevards were paved and lit with gas, and it became a centre for education, health and banking with several hospitals, colleges and art schools. In 2011, its population passed 3 million.