Turpan is located in the Turpan Depression in the centre of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. Though rugged and inhospitable, the area has much natural beauty. Called "Gushi" in ancient times, it gained its current name in the Ming Dynasty. Turpan means “fertile land,” for, despite its generally hash weather conditions, Turpan is known worldwide for its grapes, multi-coloured watermelons, cantaloupes, apricots and, of course, raisins.
Turpan has a unique landscape. Eons of wind erosion, frost and rainwater have sculpted the soft clay into marvelous shapes. The famed FlamingMountain, the gorgeous TuyugouCanyon, and the Aikxun Yadan Spectacle are good examples of these natural wonders.
During the time of the Silk Road, Turpan served as a centre for trade and Buddhism. Some historic attractions include the Jiaohe Ruins, the Gaochang Ruins, the BezeklikThousandBuddhaCaves, the Sugong Ta/Emin Minarets and the Astana Tombs.
An extravaganza of Xinjiang’s cultural diversity, Turpan features a dizzying mix of local traditions and cultural products that are a treat on any China tour.