The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China is one of the two special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China (the other is Macau). Hong Kong is located at the eastern side of the Pearl River Delta on the southeastern coast of China, facing the South China Sea to the south and bordering the GuangdongProvince to the north. It has one of the world's most liberal economies and is a major international centre of finance and trade.
Formerly a British colony, Hong Kong was handed over to the PRC in 1997. As a special administrative region, Hong Kong is guaranteed by the Basic Law to have a relatively high degree of autonomy for at least 50 years under the policy known as "One Country, Two Systems.” Under this policy, Hong Kong retains its own legal system, currency, customs policy and immigration laws. Hong Kong also maintains its own delegation in most international organizations, such as the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and international sport events, such as the Olympic Games, under the designation "Hong Kong, China". Finally, travellers will note that Hong Kong still maintains British road rules, with traffic continuing to drive on the left. China’s responsibilities for Hong Kong are limited to defense and the diplomatic relation.