, or Canton, is the capital of GuangdongProvince, a major city and port situated on China's fifth river, the Pearl. Strategically located, Guangzhou neighbours Hong Kong and Macao. It is also the largest city in South China and has been a popular trading location with European cultures since 1516. The past decade has seen great economic advances due to its new status as a Special Economic Zone, open to foreign and Chinese investments. Guangzhou is also known for its cooking and its banyan trees with distinct hanging roots. The streets of Guangzhou are vibrant with hotels, restaurants and night markets that welcome visitors throughout the year.